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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 3-6

Bacteriological profile of bile in cholecystectomy patients in tertiary care center

1 Department of General Surgery, Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Microbiology, National Capital Region Institute of Medical Sciences, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Sunil Kaval
Lala Lajpar Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut - 250 004, Uttar Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/wjsi.wjsi_9_22

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Aims and Objectives: This study was done to evaluate the microbiological profile of bile from the gall bladder in patients undergoing cholecystectomy and to determine the appropriate antibiotic for preoperative prophylaxis in cholecystectomy patients based on the microbiological profile of bile. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study done with 126 patients with a diagnosis of cholecystolithiasis postoperated of laparoscopic cholecystectomy had surgery department their bile sent to the Department of Microbiology, Lala Lajpat Rai Memorial Medical College, Meerut (UP) from October 2017 to November 2018. Results: A total of 126 patients were included in this study, of which the male-to-female ratio was 1:2.71, while females were 92 (83%) and males were 34 (17%). The age of the patients ranged from 01 to >61 years of age, in which the maximum number of patients was in the 41–60 age group 78 (62%). In the microbiological analysis, only 68 (54%) samples were culture positive, in which the most common organism isolated was Escherichia coli 43 (63.2%) and the second-most common was Klebsiella spp. 17 (25%). Conclusions: Therefore, it is important to know about common bacteria causing gallbladder infection and their antibiotic resistance pattern. This study may be helpful in designing antibiotic prophylaxis among these patients.

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